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Otolaryngology is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Their skills include diagnosing and managing diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. Otolaryngologists diagnose, treat, and manage specialty-specific disorders as well as many primary problems in both children and adults.
Although many of us think of hearing loss, sinus problems, or ear infections when we think of otolaryngology, it encompasses much more.
Otolaryngology and its allied services provide care for a wide range of disorders, including:
Otolaryngologists also manage the treatment of head and neck cancers, as well as perform reconstructive and cosmetic plastic surgery.