Diabetes Awareness Month Q&A: Part 2

November 07, 2016
November is National Diabetes Awareness Month. According to statistics, more than 29 million Americans in the United States have diabetes. Of those, more than 8 million may be undiagnosed and unaware of their condition. Dr. R. James Bingham joins us today to discuss Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

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Dr. R. James Bingham
Rochester Regional Health

Q: What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

A: Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas (organ that produces insulin) is usually not making any insulin at all.  Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children but can occur at any age.  People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells in your body do not respond to insulin the way they should.  This is called insulin resistance.  Your pancreas will try to overcome the resistance by producing more insulin, but over time the pancreas may not be able to produce enough insulin.

Anyone can develop type 2 diabetes, but some common risk factors that make a person more likely to have type 2 diabetes include:

Family history
Lack of physical activity
Being overweight
Being over age 45
Being African-American, Native American, Latino, Asian-American, Asian, or Pacific Islander
History of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)

Rochester Regional offers comprehensive diabetes and endocrinology services to help you on your journey to better health. For more information on Rochester Regional Health Diabetes and Endocrinology services available, visit our website.