Customized Whole-Body Care
Your glands play an important role in your body, and when they aren’t working the way they should it impacts your entire body. Rochester Regional Health’s Diabetes & Endocrinology Center offers comprehensive, full-body treatment for the management of all parathyroid, pituitary, and adrenal gland disorders. Our experienced team will create a personalized treatment plan just for you and your journey.
Your adrenal glands are small, triangular-shaped glands located on the top of both your kidneys. They produce hormones that help to regulate your blood pressure, immune system, metabolism, stress response, and other important bodily functions.
The adrenal glands are located at the top of each kidney—one on each side. They consist of two parts: the outer region, called the adrenal cortex, and the inner region, called the adrenal medulla. Each part of the adrenal glands performs a separate function.
The adrenal cortex produces androgens (DHEA and androstenedione), glucocorticoids (cortisol), and mineralocorticoids (aldosterone). Cortisol is essential for life and impacts your heart, blood pressure, metabolism, immunity, bone, and nervous system. Having too much or too little cortisol can cause significant problems in your body. Too much aldosterone can raise blood pressure and cause electrolyte abnormalities. Too much androgen can cause unwanted excess hair growth in women.
The adrenal medulla controls the hormones that initiate your “fight or flight” response. These include epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). They can increase your heart rate, the force of heart contraction, increase blood flow to your muscles and brain, and assist in glucose metabolism. While very important in a stress response, too much under normal circumstances can be dangerous.
Cortisol is secreted by the adrenal glands in response to stress-induced and circadian stimulation by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which is secreted by the pituitary gland. Adrenal gland disorders include:
The pituitary gland is the “master” gland of your endocrine system, found at the base of the brain. It produces many hormones that control your endocrine glands and functions in the body. Because it plays a role in so many parts of the body, pituitary disorders are often complex and challenging.