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Comprehensive Diagnosis and Treatment for Infertility

There are many reasons that a man may experience infertility, ranging from health and lifestyle, environmental causes, and medical reasons. But there are many successful treatment options that can help men increase their sperm count and start producing healthy sperm again. If you and your partner have been struggling to conceive after a year (or six months if you’re 36+ years of age) of regular, unprotected sex, Rochester Regional Health Fertility Center can help diagnose and treat male fertility issues. Our compassionate, world-class fertility experts have helped hundreds of couples get pregnant with safe and effective male infertility treatment options.

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Symptoms of Male Infertility

Male infertility can is a possibility if you and your partner have been unable to conceive after one year (or six months if you’re 36+ years of age) of unprotected sex.

There are often no visible, obvious signs of male infertility, but symptoms can include: 

  • abnormal male breast growth
  • hormonal abnormalities like decreased facial or body hair
  • loss of smell
  • low sperm count
  • pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicles
  • problems with sexual function (reduced sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, or difficulty ejaculating)

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Causes of Male Infertility

In order to impregnate a woman, a man must produce healthy, functional, and mobile sperm in large quantities. Rochester Regional Health’s Fertility team conducts safe and effective tests to determine the causes of infertility and which treatment avenues to pursue.

Diagnosing Male Infertility

If you and your partner suspect you may be suffering from male infertility, our providers will start you off with a general physical exam and a thorough medical history. Typically, several tests are necessary to find the cause of your infertility and find the right treatment option. After a semen analysis, your provider might recommend genetic testing, hormone testing, post-ejaculation urinalysis, sperm function tests, or a transrectal ultrasound.


Male infertility treatments can include a variety of procedures, such as insemination that delivers sperm to the woman, in vitro fertilization (IVF), fertilization of the egg in a laboratory (IART), using a third-party donor, and surgery to repair anatomic damages to reproductive organs. Medications can also treat issues that affect male fertility, including hormone imbalances and erectile dysfunction. 

female doctor illustration

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