What is a Concussion?

brainscanA concussion is a traumatic brain injury. It doesn’t matter if you’re an athlete or not; if untreated, a concussion can result in serious, sometimes permanent damage. Symptoms can begin right away or a few days after the concussion.

Why is concussion so dangerous?

A concussion can cause significant impairment without the person losing consciousness. If a second concussion occurs before the first one has passed, serious or permanent cognitive, behavioral and physical changes can occur.

What causes a concussion?

Concussions can be caused by a blow to the head or a sudden acceleration/deceleration event. Any athlete in any sport can be at risk of a concussion.

How is concussion diagnosed?

Common symptoms can begin immediately or after a few days. A formal diagnosis requires a thorough evaluation by a qualified doctor and a complete physical exam.

Know when to get help.

If you or someone you know experiences any of the following after a blow to the head, body or whiplash injury get help immediately.

  • Headache, nausea or vomiting
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Significant drowsiness
  • Unusual sensitivity to light or noise
  • Vision changes
  • Neck pain
  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Sudden memory problems
  • Repeating the same words or phrases
  • Feeling “in a fog”
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Personality changes
  • Increased irritability
  • Seizure activity

For more informational brochures and care sheets about concussion, click here.