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Joint Replacement Care

Pain in your knee, hip, shoulder, or ankle can put a strain on everyday life.  When replacing a joint is necessary, it’s important you know what options and care are available to you. Rochester Regional Health’s orthopedic team performs the most joint replacement procedures in the region. We find safe, comfortable, and effective options for your joint pain while providing a patient-first continuum of services that takes care of you before, during, and after your procedure. Our comprehensive, personalized process helps you return to an active, healthy life.

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Causes of Joint Pain

Joints connect your bones together, help you move around, and support you as you move throughout the day. Damage to your joints from injury or disease can cause joint pain, hamper your movement, and keep you from enjoying your favorite activities.

  • Bursitis, woman touching shoulders


    Bursitis occurs when your bursae is inflamed. Bursae is the fluid-filled sac that cushions your bones, tendons and muscles near your joints. The most common areas for bursitis are the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee.

  • Gout, woman holding her


    Gout is a common form of arthritis that causes severe pain in one joint—usually a toe or other joint in the foot or ankle. Pain and inflammation occur in the affected joint when too much uric acid forms and deposits. Typically, the first symptoms of gout are a sudden and painful swelling, often at night.

  • Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis (OA)

    Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder. It occurs when the cartilage between two of your joints break down, so the bones rub together. This results in swelling, stiffness, and pain. Osteoarthritis can be caused by high-impact sports, obesity, and overuse.

  • Osteoporosis


    Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease. It results in your bones becoming fragile and more likely to fracture or break over time. Common symptoms of Osteoporosis include height loss and a stooped posture. Treatments include medications, a healthy diet, and exercise to help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

    Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes joints and the tissues surrounding the joints to inflame. While RA is most common in middle age, it can occur at any age and usually manifests as morning stiffness that lasts more than one hour, as well as pain and swelling in your hands, feet, and wrists.

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Why Rochester Regional Health

The Orthopedic Surgeons at Rochester Regional Health perform the most joint-replacement procedures in the greater Rochester and Finger Lakes regions. Our fellowship-trained surgeons deliver exceptional, customized results for their patients. Leading the region in high volume and high-quality care, we’ve been rewarded for our excellence by the Joint Commission in hip and knee replacements.
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Total Joint Replacement Options

When your lifestyle is impacted by sore, stiff joints from conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, surgically replacing it with an artificial or prosthetic joint is a proven and effective way to relieve pain and improve mobility.

Knee replacement surgery and hip replacement surgery are two common total joint replacement options.

Knee Replacement Surgery

More than 90% of knee replacement surgeries are successful. After recovery, patients experience less knee pain and improved knee function. Total knee replacement surgery (also called knee arthroplasty) involves only replacing the surface of the bones in the knee.

A knee replacement procedure has four basic steps:

  • knee replacement bone preparation

    Bone preparation

    In the first step, damaged cartilage at the ends of both the tibia and femur are removed, along with small amounts of bone.

  • knee replacement Implant positioning

    Implant positioning

    Next, metal components replace the removed bone and cartilage, recreating the surface of the joint. The bone is cut and prepared to fit the implants, personalized for each patient’s unique size.

  • knee replacement resurfacing


    Once the metal components are cemented or pressed into the bone, the undersurface of the kneecap (the patella) is commonly resurfaced with a plastic button. Not all total knee replacement recipients need their patella resurfaced.

  • knee replacement Spacer insertion

    Spacer insertion

    Finally, a spacer (made of medical-grade plastic, also called polyethylene) is inserted to create a smooth gliding surface between the metal components.

Hip Replacement Surgery

Total hip replacement surgery has a high success rate. Therapy strategies available after surgery can be simple and effective, resulting in rapid recovery and a quick return to activity. Total hip replacement procedures (also called total hip arthroplasty) involve removing the damaged cartilage and bone from your hip before replacing them with prosthetic components.

  • hip replacement femoral head replaced by a metal stem

    First, the femoral head is removed and replaced by a metal stem, which is either cemented or pressed to fit.

  • hip replacement metal socket

    Next, a metal socket is placed to replace the hip socket that has been worn away with damaged cartilage.

  • hip replacement metal or ceramic ball

    A metal or ceramic ball—a replacement for the femoral head that was removed—is then placed at the upper part of the metal stem.

  • hip replacement spacer

    Lastly, a spacer made of medical-grade plastic is inserted between the new ball and socket to create a smooth gliding surface.

Anterior Hip Replacement

Our orthopedic surgeons can offer the full range of joint replacement surgeries, and several have strong expertise in anterior hip replacement surgery. During this surgery, your orthopedic surgeon accesses the hip joint through the front of the hip rather than the back – as in traditional approaches. This means a smaller incision, reduced chance of hip dislocation and infection, and quicker recovery times compared to the traditional approach.

ROSA Knee System without Cut Guide

First in the Region to use ROSA

Rochester Regional Health is the first healthcare system in the region to perform total-knee replacement with a Robotic Surgical Assistant, or, ROSA, which provides a greater degree of accuracy for our orthopedic surgeons and a quicker return to daily activities for patients. ROSA offers more precise placement of the implants, increased longevity of the implant, and a quicker return to full range of motion.
Learn More About ROSA

Outpatient Total Knee Replacement

Traditional total knee replacement isn’t the only option offered at Rochester Regional Health. We also offer outpatient total knee replacements that put you back at home and on the mend quickly. Through advancements in knee replacement surgeries, a better understanding of medical risks, and improvements in identifying who will recover well after surgery, our orthopedic surgeons will assess if outpatient total knee replacement is the right procedure for you.

Image of a knee replacement at the doctor's


  • Reduced risk

    For most patients, a shorter or non-existent hospital stay lowers the risks of post-surgical infection and complications.

  • Patient satisfaction

    Many people find it preferable to recover at home. Outpatient total knee replacement allows you to recover in the comfort of your home.

  • Lower medical costs

    Often, outpatient knee replacement comes with lower costs compared to traditional total knee replacement.

Personalized Joint Care

You are an important member of your own care team. When you come to Rochester Regional Health for a joint replacement, our orthopedic surgeons will work to find a joint replacement plan that fits your needs. One size does not fit all, and we’ll spend the time getting to know you, your specific orthopedic needs, and choosing the procedure that will get you moving again.

"It’s life changing because I can do more, I’m in no pain, no braces, and I’m able to ski the way that I always envisioned."

- Larry Curtis, knee replacement patient

"I had my hip replaced, my knee pain went away completely, and three quarters of my back pain went away."

- Chuck Doell, hip replacement patient

Our Award-Winning Hospitals

Rochester General Hospital, Unity Hospital, United Memorial Medical Center, and Newark-Wayne Community Hospital have earned the Joint Commission Joint Seal of Approval for excellence in knee and hip replacements. Unity Hospital has been named an Excellus BlueCross BlueShield Blue Distinction Center for hip and knee replacement. These achievements recognize our high-quality and low rates of complications and readmission.

Joint Commission Seal of Approval Icon
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Get started with an orthopedic specialist from Rochester Regional Health.
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Find a Location

Our orthopedic locations are conveniently located throughout Western New York to help you get exceptional care close to home.
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