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Breast Center - Conditions We Treat

Breast Center

Types of Breast Cancer We Treat

Being part of a strong health network means you get comprehensive treatment for the broadest range of conditions. Our renowned Breast Center specializes in treating the following types of breast cancer:

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common form of breast cancer, and accounts for 80 percent of breast cancer diagnoses. This form of cancer begins growing in the milk duct before invading the fatty tissue of the breast. Common symptoms include a new lump in the breast, swelling in one breast, nipple pain, and nipple discharge.

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

Aggressive and fast-growing, inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) often looks like an infection of the breast or a rash on your breast. A diagnosis of IBC is classified as stage III breast cancer. If you are experiencing a rash or suspect an infection, call (585) 922-9729 to schedule a screening today.

Ductal Carcinoma & Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)

Considered the earliest form of breast cancer, Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is non-invasive, which means it has not spread to the milk duct and is low risk for becoming invasive. DCIS is typically discovered during a mammogram and often doesn’t have any signs or symptoms. When it does, it can cause a breast lump or bloody nipple discharge.

Male Breast Cancer

Most men diagnosed with breast cancer are 55+. Men can develop invasive ductal carcinoma, ductal carcinoma in situ, inflammatory breast cancer, and Paget’s disease. Commonly, men find breast cancer when they’re in the shower as it presents as a firm lump in the breast, typically found beneath the nipple and areola.

Lobular Carcinoma, including:

  • Lobular Carcinoma in Situ (LCIS) - Lobular carcinoma in situ is an abnormal growth in the cells that line the milk gland - specifically the part that makes milk after childbirth. LCIS means that you may be at a higher risk for breast cancer, but is not breast cancer. If you are found to have LCIS, enhanced surveillance and a breast exam every six months is encouraged.
  • Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) - ILC is breast cancer that begins in the milk-producing glands of the breast, called lobules. It is invasive, meaning it is not contained by the lobule and may spread to the lymph nodes and other areas of your body. ILC is often asymptomatic in its earliest stages, only showing symptoms as it grows. 

  These symptoms may include:

  • thickening in part of the breast
  • new area of fullness in the breast
  • recently inverted nipple
  • change in the skin texture of the breast

Paget's Disease of the Breast

Paget’s disease of the breast is a rare condition that accounts for only one percent of breast cancers. As a malignant (cancerous) rash of the skin or nipple, symptoms of Paget’s typically include redness and irritation, bleeding from the skin of the nipple/areola, crusting and scaling, oozing, and burning and itching of the nipple or areola.

Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast

Phyllodes tumors can be benign or malignant (cancerous), and are an extremely rare form of breast cancer—so rare that a confirmation by a second pathologist is usually required. Phyllodes tumors present as a lump in the breast and are very fast-growing, making it important to have them evaluated as soon as possible.

Recurrent and Metastatic Breast Cancer

Metastatic breast cancer is classified as stage IV breast cancer, and is cancer that has spread to other organs in the body. There is no cure for metastatic breast cancer, but clinical trials and treatment options that prolong life exist.

Recurrent breast cancer is rare, but typically happens within the first two years of initial diagnosis. Extra screenings are encouraged in the two years following your initial diagnosis and may help find recurrent breast cancer early.

Common symptoms of breast cancer include a new lump in the breast, swelling in one breast, nipple pain, and nipple discharge. If you notice any changes in your breasts, please call (585) 922-9729 to schedule your screening.

Stages of Breast Cancer

Stages of breast cancer are used to describe how extensive the breast cancer is, including the size of the tumor, whether it has spread to lymph nodes or if it has spread to other parts of the body. This information helps our doctors determine the best course for personalized treatment.

Stage 0 – Carcinoma in Situ: Abnormal cells are present but have not spread to surrounding tissue.

Stage I – Early stage: Cancer cells have begun to spread to small portion of surrounding tissue.

Stage II – Localized: Cancer cells have spread beyond the original location, but are contained to surrounding breast tissue or lymph nodes.

Stage III – Regional Spread: Cancer cells have extended beyond the immediate region of the tumor and may have invaded nearby lymph nodes and muscles.

Stage IV – Metastatic Breast Cancer: Cancer cells have spread to other areas of the body, such as the brain, bones, lungs, or liver.

Breast cancer is also classified according to other characteristics. These include how sensitive the cancer is to estrogen and progesterone as well as to the level of certain proteins that play a role in breast cancer growth, such as HER2. It is also classified by the cancer’s genetic makeup.

Early Signs of Breast Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer in American women. Early breast cancer doesn't always cause pain. In fact, when breast cancer first develops, there may be no symptoms at all. But as the cancer grows, it may cause changes you should watch for: 

  • A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area
  • A change in the size or shape of the breast
  • Nipple discharge or tenderness
  • Ridges or pitting of the breast
  • A change in the look or feel of the skin of the breast, such as warmth, swelling, or tenderness 

Other Breast Conditions

Although many women fear cancer, most breast problems are not cancerous. Some of the more common breast conditions include:

  • Mastalgia (breast pain)
  • Breast lumps
  • Fibrocystic breast disease
  • Nipple problems and discharge (abnormal) 
  • Breast infections and inflammations

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