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Sands-Constellation Heart Institute


Interventional Cardiology Services

The Interventional Cardiology Service at Rochester Regional Health is home to an expert team of cardiologists and other providers who specialize in treating patients with coronary artery disease, structural heart disease, and peripheral vascular diseases.

In our advanced cardiac catheterization laboratories, we offer the latest in minimally invasive methods to diagnose and treat patients with complex valve disease and narrowed blood vessels. 

Interventional Cardiology Treatments

We offer the full range of interventional cardiology treatments, including: 

Coronary Angiogram

A coronary angiogram is a procedure that uses X-ray imaging to see the inside of your heart’s blood vessels. The procedure is performed with the use of local anesthesia and intravenous sedation. A small catheter is inserted through the skin into an artery in either the groin or the arm. Guided by a special x-ray viewing instrument known as a fluoroscope, the catheter is then advanced to the opening of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. Then a small amount of radiographic contrast is injected into these vessels. The images produced can accurately reveal the extent and severity of all coronary artery blockages. If stenting or angioplasty is necessary, it is often performed at this time.


Angioplasty is a non-surgical method of widening obstructed coronary arteries. A collapsed balloon attached to a catheter is inserted into the narrowed arteries and inflating using water pressure 75-500 times stronger than normal blood pressure. This compresses the fatty deposits lining the artery and allows more blood and oxygen to be delivered to the heart muscle. This procedure can relieve chest pain or angina and minimize or stop a heart attack.


Stents are placed in an artery during angioplasty and remain in the artery as a “scaffold”, unlike the balloon which is removed after the procedure is complete. Stents have decreased the number of patients needing emergency open heart to below 1%. There are different types of stents, bare-metal stents, drug-eluting stents, and covered stent. Stents cannot be used on all patients. Make sure you discuss all treatment options with your physician to determine what is best for you.

Radial Approach Angiograms

This is an angiogram done by accessing the heart through the patient’s wrist instead of the groin. The recovery period is much shorter as patients can be seen standing and walking around immediately following the procedure.

Renal Angioplasty and Stents

The renal artery is the main blood vessel to the kidneys. Angioplasty of this artery can relieve a blockage without having an operation. A catheter (fine plastic tube) is inserted into the artery, and a special balloon on the catheter is then inflated. This opens the blockage and allows more blood to flow through it. At this time, the insertion of a tiny hollow tube called a stent may be necessary to keep the arteries open.

Iliac Angioplasty and Stents

The iliac is the main blood vessel of the lower limbs. The angioplasty and stent process is the same as mentioned above.

Subclavian Angioplasty and Stents

The subclavian arteries are the two major arteries of the upper chest, located below the collar bone. These arteries receive blood from the aorta and supply blood to your arms. The angioplasty and stent process is the same as mentioned above.

Carotid Angioplasty and Stents

The carotid arteries are the arteries that supply blood to your brain. There are two of these arteries, one on either side of your neck. Carotid artery disease is the narrowing of these arteries. If these arteries become blocked, a stroke can occur. Carotid artery stenting, while a newer treatment option, is less invasive than carotid endarterectomy. Carotid angioplasty and stenting are performed the same way as coronary angioplasty and stenting.

Rotational Atherectomy

This procedure uses a tiny rotating cutting blade to open a narrowed artery and improve blood flow to or from the heart by grinding away the plaque. Often a stent is placed in the artery to prevent it from re-narrowing. This procedure is done while the patient is awake and under local pain medicine. Patients often walk within six hours after the procedure, though an overnight stay at the hospital is usually required.

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

This procedure replaces the heart valve by going through the groin. 


A procedure called transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) with MitraClip is used to stop blood from flowing backward into the heart when the patient's mitral valve fails to close completely.

Limb-saving Efforts

Patients with blocked arteries in their legs may experience ulcers or wounds that aren't healing or discomfort from walking that limits their ability to do so. The poor blood flow from these blockages increases the risk of amputation. Historically, the Upstate New York region has high amputation rates - we're working to change that. We take the most aggressive approach regionally to saving limbs, working closely with the Wound Healing Center at St. Anne's Community, the Wound Care Center at United Memorial Medical Center, and our exceptional Vascular Surgery team. 

Contact Us

To get started with an interventional cardiology appointment at Rochester Regional Health, call (585) 442-5320. 


Call us at
(585) 442-5320

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